Global Reach: Grantee Partners

Yayasan Kusuma Buana (YKB)

Context:

The Indramayu District in West Java remains one of the main ‘supplier’ of female migrants as domestic workers and sex workers in Indonesia. Bongas sub district in Indramayu, has the highest number of young sex workers working in the Jakarta entertainment industry. Meanwhile, Indonesia is ranked 8th in the world for child marriages. In 2019, a new law was passed to tackle early marriages by increasing the minimum marriage age for females from 16 to 19. However, with a deeply rooted tradition of early marriages, the actual implementation of this new law is found wanting, and continuous efforts by different stakeholders are still needed. In addition to this tradition, teenage pregnancies also contribute to early marriage, which in many cases, end in divorces after a few months or a couple of years. The tradition of early marriage and the high rate of divorce among the young girls is contributing to the high rate of child prostitution and trafficking in Indramayu. Girls in Indramayu with experience of early marriage and divorce are easy ‘prey’ to human trafficking and prostitution rings. Another main issue for youth in Indonesia is the lack of access to sexual reproductive health. A 2017 national survey also showed that only 45% of married or sexually active adolescents were using contraceptive methods. Only around 10% of youth aged 15-24 are aware of HIV prevention (UNAIDS, 2019). Bongas Sub District has the highest HIV cases in Indramayu District, while Indramayu District has the highest HIV cases in the whole of West Java Province.

Organisation:

YKB was established in 1980 and is committed to raising awareness of the general public and further education of health care professionals. YKB focuses on sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) services, including family planning, maternal-child health care, adolescent health and the prevention of Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) and HIV/AIDS. It has evolved from providing community health services to conducting research and providing technical assistance to national and international organisations. It serves as a consultant for the Ministry of Health and the National Family Planning Coordinating Board, and is a flagship for Adolescent SRH education in Indonesia. In 2003, YKB opened an informal junior high school in Indramayu District, which is now recognized by the government, to provide girls from low-resource settings with education. As high numbers of sex workers in Indonesia come from Indramayu, YKB became involved in trafficking prevention programmes. From 2003 to 2011, YKB led the Child Sex Worker Prevention Programme supported by an international donor. In 2005, YKB established a local arm in Bongas sub district (local knowledge and field presence) to implement a community-based programme to prevent child trafficking in collaboration with the Indonesia Anti Child Trafficking (IndoActs).

Current Grant:

EMpower’s 6th grant to YKB will enable them to continue to provide quality and age-appropriate education on adolescent sexual and reproductive health (ASRH), drug abuse prevention and gender equality to 1,760 students aged 10 to 19 in 10 schools, and 550 high-risk youth aged 15-24 in communities (half of them girls/young women). The programme will continue to engage with teachers to support dissemination of ASRH education in school and continue to make use of peer education at both school level and community level to increase its impact. 20 health workers in 3 local health centres will receive training in providing youth friendly services and to track and analyze trends in youth seeking services to better serve them. Mobile units will reach out to remote villages not served by the health centres, and provide youth with voluntary HIV counselling, testing, and comprehensive reproductive health care services. An alumni network for Peer Educators (PE) will be established to continue to engage with past peer educators and support them in their voluntary work carried out in their new schools.

YKB from EMpower on Vimeo.

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