Global Reach: Grantee Partners

Yayasan Kusuma Buana (YKB)


The Indramayu District in West Java remains one of the main sending areas of female migrants as domestic workers and sex workers in Indonesia. Informal statistics show that most areas of prostitution in Indonesia have high numbers of sex workers from Indramayu, in particular, the Bongas sub-district, which has the highest number of young sex workers working in the Jakarta entertainment industry. The tradition of early marriages, which often results in divorce in these regions, further puts young girls at risk and contributes to the incidence of a higher number of sex workers originating from Bongas Sub District. The latest statistics from the Indramayu District Health office indicate that in a population of 51,484, there are 424 people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). From 2014 to 2017, there were 118 adolescent marriages, with 21 teenage (out of wedlock) pregnancies registered. However, these cases are significantly underreported due to the stigma associated with these issues; our partner estimates that the real figures for PLWHA are likely to be 3 times higher and teenage pregnancies 5 times higher than the official figures. Bongas Sub District has the highest number of HIV cases in Indramayu District, while Indramayu District has the highest number of HIV cases in West Java Province. Even though girls/young women are more vulnerable to becoming victims of human trafficking and related SRRH risks, boys/ young men are also exposed to SRRH risks as they often have unsafe sex. As a result, in the Bongas area, the prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among male youth is higher compared to national statistics and speaks to low SRRH knowledge.


Established in 1980, YKB is committed to raising public awareness and furthering the education of health care professionals. YKB focuses on reproductive health services, including family planning, maternal-child health (MCH) care, adolescent health and the prevention of STIs and HIV/AIDS. It has evolved from providing community health services to conducting research and providing technical assistance to national and international organizations. It serves as a consultant for the Ministry of Health and the National Family Planning Coordinating Board and is a flagship for SRRH education in Indonesia. In 2003, YKB opened an informal junior high school in Indramayu District, which is now recognized by the government, to provide at-risk girls with education. As high numbers of sex workers in Indonesia come from Indramayu, YKB became involved in trafficking prevention programmes. From 2003 to 2011, YKB led the Child Sex Worker Prevention Programme supported by an international donor. In 2005, YKB established a local arm in Bongas sub-district (local knowledge and field presence) to implement a community-based programme to prevent child trafficking in collaboration with the Indonesia Anti Child Trafficking (IndoActs).

Current Grant:

EMpower’s 5th grant to YKB will provide quality and age-appropriate education on sexual and reproductive rights and health (SRRH), drug abuse prevention and gender equity to 1,000 school-going youth aged 10 to 19, and 706 high-risk youth aged 15-24 in communities. The program will continue to engage with teachers to support the dissemination of SRRH education in school and continue to make use of peer education at both school level and community level to increase its impact. 20 health workers in 3 local health centers will continue to receive training to adapt their existing health services to be youth-friendly, thus increasing the chances of sustaining the program by empowering local stakeholders. The services offered by the mobile unit will be expanded to offer not only voluntary HIV counseling and testing but also comprehensive reproductive health care services.

YKB from EMpower on Vimeo.

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